What is Oppositional Defiant Disorder?
It is a disorder in which juveniles behave aggressively with their elders or authority officials, which are guardians, parents, caretakers and tutors. They do not tend to obey their orders and display rebellious behavior towards them. This behavior is usually shown in their early teens.
It may be a sign of this behavioral disorder if this conduct persists for more than half a year and exceed above and beyond what is typical for a pupil’s age. The connections and events in a child’s household and at an educational institute, as well as their routine, are frequently disrupted by this attitude.
Indications and symptoms of ODD
- Refuses to behave normally.
- Prone for being sensitive.
- Act spitefully or cruelly at least two times in the last six months.
- Blame other people for any misbehavior or accident that occurred.
- Reject outright to follow instructions and guidelines.
- Easily get offended, agitated, or incensed by others.
- Feel frequently envious or resentful.
- Seems to purposely rile up and upset other people.
- Quarrel unreasonably with grownups.
CAUSE AND RISK FACTORS
Scientists opine that a complex mixture of factors which include hereditary, ecological and biological is the origin of Oppositional Defiant Disorder.
According to studies, nearly half of the onset of Oppositional Defiant Disorder is hereditary in nature. Numerous young people with ODD have family members who suffer from mental health issues, such as extreme mood swings, anxiety attacks, and personality disabilities.
Facing a dysfunctional home, experiencing abuse as a youngster, and having uneven parenting styles can all lead to Oppositional Defiant Disorder. This development may also be influenced by companion dismissal, abnormal peer batch, penury, local violence, and other shaky social or economic conditions.
According to certain research, behavioral problems might result from alterations in specific brain regions. This disorder has also been connected to problems with some neurotransmitters, which facilitate communication between nerve cells in your brain. Your brain may not receive messages effectively if these substances are imbalanced or not functioning properly, which might result in symptoms.
The intensity of ODD varies:
- MILD– Only one environment, such as home, school, job, or among friends, experiences certain symptoms.
- MODEST– At the minimum two environments can host certain symptoms.
- ACUTE– A few symptoms manifest in three or exceeding contexts.
MEDICATION AND CURE
Diagnosis of Oppositional Defiant Disorder varies depending on several variables, such as:
- Age of your child.
- How severe their symptoms were.
- The capacity of your child to endure and participate in particular treatments.
- if your child suffers from other problems including OCD, ADHD, or learning difficulties.
- Your child, your family, and your school should all be involved in the treatment of ODD.
The oppositional defiant disorder cannot be entirely avoided. Optimistic parenting techniques and prompt medical attention, however, can aid in behavior improvement and stop things from getting terrible. It is best to treat ODD as soon as possible as it can lead to depression as well
The right kind of medication or therapy may repair a kid’s self-confidence and bond with their family. Early intervention will help improve your child’s interactions with other significant adults in his or her life, such as educators and caregivers.